عنوان مقاله [English]
Suhrawardi brought about a revolution in Iranian and Islamic thought by compiling the Hikmat al-Ishraq (The Wisdom of Illumination) and establishing the School of Illumination (Ishraq). Suhrawardi’s illumination wisdom and thought, including the collection of his works and philosophical and mystical thoughts, is well presented in his book entitled Hikmat al-Ishraq. Like Farabi, Suhrawardi did not write an independent work on the utopia, but he spoke about the ideal ruler and the right to rule. Furthermore, in his allegorical works, more than anything else, he has referred to moral points which can lead a society to salvation. Suhrawardi’s philosophy is based on the originality of light, showing that he has paid attention to the philosophers of ancient Iran. Moreover, Suhrawardi has frequently referred to Khosravani wisdom, and the sages of ancient Iran, such as Zoroaster and Ki Khosro; for example, in terms of politics and government, he has considered Kei-Khosro’s government a desirable one. Another pillar of Suhrawardi’s thought is the Islamic Book and tradition; thus, his view about the government and ruler is consistent with Islamic teachings. In addition, he has considered himself indebted to the divine philosophers of Greece, such as Pythagoras and Plato, and other divine philosophers of the world, such as Hermes. Additionally, he took many of the views of his predecessor philosophers, such as Farabi and Ibn Sina (Avicenna); therefore, it can be possible that he agreed with Farabi in many aspects about utopia and its governing characteristics and conditions.