عنوان مقاله [English]
Non-ikhtirāmī (literary ‘non-artificial’) death is the ‘natural’ death as opposed to sudden deaths occurring due to various events. Regarding the reason for non-artificial (or ‘natural’) deaths, there are two views: the well-known view is that the reason for ‘natural’ death is corruption of one’s constitution and the soul’s inability in managing the body due to body’s weakness and its capacity. The second view is that of Mulla Sadra to the effect that [natural] death occurs due to the soul’s substantial motion and its reaching an stage of perfection. That is, the soul achieves – in some stages of its motion – the existential independence, its attachment to the body and its management of the body is cut off, and it comes to the moment of death. According to the well-known view, the reason for corruption of one’s constitution and body’s death is the failure of the nourishing faculty, but there is disagreement on the reason for this failure. Mulla Sadra rejects all views in this regard and maintains that the reason for natural death of one’s body is merely the soul’s perfection. In the present study, the authors use a descriptive-analytical method to analyze and investigate the two aforementioned views. The privilege of the present study is that, firstly, it offers new and comprehensive reviews about Mulla Sadra’s view and, secondly, it explains the reason for non-artificial (i.e. natural) death by relying on the discussions of the divine decree and ordinance.